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  • Pimecrolimus- Elidel

    Research
    A 43-year-old male attended with lesions on his face that had been present for 3 months. On dermatological examination, multiple papules and pustules were seen on the forehead, nose, bilateral cheeks and lower eyelids. The patient used systemic clindamycin and doxycycline and topical benzoyl peroxide therapies, but the lesions did not regress. Routine laboratory tests were normal. Histopathological examination of the lesions confirmed the diagnosis of granulomatous rosacea. Pimecrolimus cream 1% was applied to the lesions. The regression of lesions began in the first month and complete improvement was observed at the end of the fourth month of therapy. Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin disorder characterized by remissions and relapses. Although it is known that the disease is a treatable disorder, it may be resistant to standard therapies and there is a need for new therapy alternatives in some patients. We present a case of granulomatous rosacea successfully treated with pimecrolimus cream and believe that pimecrolimus may be a good alternative for the treatment of granulomatous rosacea.

    My thoughts: Elidel should probably not be used alone as a first line treatment, but due to multiple studies showing its effectiveness, it seems as though it is a legitimate treatment and is becoming more and more popular.

    More information of this subject will be posted continuously
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    -But I still haven't found what I'm looking for.

  • #2
    Article #2

    Background: There are various treatment options available for rosacea, depending on the subtype, but treatment is still generally unsatisfactory. Some reports have indicated beneficial effects of topical pimecrolimus.
    Aim. To compare the efficacy and safety of pimecrolimus 1% cream and metronidazole 1% cream in the treatment of patients with papulopustular rosacea (PR).
    Methods. A group of 49 patients with PR was investigated in this single-centre, randomized, open-label study. Patients were randomly assigned treatment with either pimecrolimus 1% cream or metronidazole 1% cream for 12 weeks. Response was evaluated by the inflammatory lesion count, the severity of facial erythema and telangiectasia, Physician’s Global Assessment (PGA), and safety and tolerability at baseline and at weeks 3, 6, 9 and 12. Results. In total, 48 patients completed the study. Both treatments were very effective in the treatment of PR. There were no significant differences between the treatments in inflammatory lesion counts, overall erythema severity scores and PGA evaluated from baseline to week 12 ( P > 0.05). Neither treatment produced any clinically relevant improvement in telangiectasia. Conclusion. Pimecrolimus cream is no more efficacious than metronidazole cream in the treatment of PR.
    -But I still haven't found what I'm looking for.

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    • #3
      Article #3

      Background Rosacea is a common inflammatory skin disorder for which the pathogenesis is unclear. Currently, there is no cure for rosacea, and it seems that standard therapies have focused mainly on minimizing inflammation. Objectives The aim of this study is to investigate the potential efficacy, tolerability and safety profile of 1% pimecrolimus cream for the treatment of rosacea. Methods Twenty-five patients with papulopustular rosacea were enrolled to a randomized, single-blinded, placebo-controlled, split-face trial of pimecrolimus cream 1% consisting 4 week treatment and 2 week follow-up period. The patients were instructed to apply first the ‘left side cream’ labelled placebo cream (Ultrabase cream, Intendis GmbH, Berlin, Germany) to the left hemi-face then the ‘right side cream’ labelled 1% pimecrolimus cream (Elidel; Novartis Pharma, Nuremberg, Germany) to the right hemi-face, twice daily. They were informed to apply a standard amount of each cream with the fingertip-unit and not allowed to use any other agent concomittantly other than sunblock. Clinical evaluation and subjective severity assessment were obtained along with photographic documentation at baseline, first, second, and fourth weeks of the therapy and at the follow-up visit. Rosacea severity score for each sign of erythema, papules, pustules, oedema, and telengiectesia were graded from 0 to 3. Patients were questioned for the subjective symptoms, overall improvement on appearance and side-effects. Results Twenty-four patients completed the study with an exceptional compliance and tolerable safety profile. One patient withdrew from the study due to severe flare-up reaction affecting both hemi-faces. The mean baseline total rosacea severity scores were 5.06 + 1.29 for both sides and reduced to 2.5 ± 1.06 vs. 3.25 ± 1.24 on pimecrolimus vs. placebo applied sides without the significance ( P = 0.06). There was not any significant difference concerning each rosacea sign scores and total rosacea severity scores except for the significant improvement in erythema score and total rosacea severity score obtained on the pimecrolimus-applied hemi-face at 2nd week of therapy ( P =0.01 and P = 0.03, respectively). The reduction rates of the mean subjective severity scores at 4th week were 49.77% vs. 38.89% for pimecrolimus vs. placebo, respectively, without a statistical significance ( P = 0.15). Subjective symptoms responded well in 54.16% of patients concerning pimecrolimus application compared with 12.50% for the placebo application. The side-effects were mostly transient local irritations. Conclusion Our data implicated that pimecrolimus cream is not superior to placebo except for its efficacy on erythema. We believe that pimecrolimus cream can be a treatment option for rosacea patients with high erythema score for whom an initial accelerated improvement is needed. We believe further studies with topical pimecrolimus cream on larger study groups with different subtypes and severity of rosacea will clarify the potential effect of pimecrolimus cream for the treatment of rosacea.
      -But I still haven't found what I'm looking for.

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